LONG-TERM STUDY OF GROUP-FOCUSED ENMITY from Professor Heitmeyer (2001 - 2011)

Between 2002 and 2011, the long-term study of group-focused enmity (GMF) studied the extent, developments and origins of prejudice against different groups that are subject to social discrimination in Germany. It is assumed that prejudices against different groups are a syndrome of group-focused enmity and that this is based on an ideology of inequality. The study looked at the depreciation of persons based on ethnic, cultural or religious reasons, sexual orientation, gender, physical disability or social reasons. The results of the study were published every year. The last volume of the series, “Deutsche Zustände”, was published in 2012.

What are the goals?

The objective of the study is a long-term observation of the social climate, with special emphasis on the equality of different social groups.

What does the Long-Term Study of Group-Focused Enmity do?

  • The study interviews 2,000 representatively selected persons in Germany and Europe every year about their attitudes towards disadvantaged groups,
  • It determines the extent of group-focused enmity in altogether eight European countries,
  • It records and analyses local group-focused enmity, i.e. in small communities or city districts, in the project “Sozialraumanalysen”.

Who is financing the Long-Term Study of Group-Focused Enmity?

  • Freudenberg Foundation, Weinheim
  • VolkswagenStiftung, Hannover
  • Marga und Kurt Möllgard Stiftung, Frankfurt
  • Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Conflict and Violence, University of Bielefeld

Which partners are supporting the Long-Term Study of Group-Focused Enmity?

  • Suhrkamp-Verlag
  • DIE ZEIT weekly newspaper

Why is the Freudenberg Foundation supporting the Long-Term Study of Group-Focused Enmity?

By observating so-called group-focused enmity, persons working in the field, public administration, politics and science, are given a common basis, which can be used to draw up annual evaluations of anti-democratic attitudes. At the same time, additional studies provide insight into democratic potential as well as threats to democracy in certain regions and social environments.


Universität Bielefeld
Institut für interdisziplinäre
Konflikt- und Gewaltforschung (IKG)
Professor Dr. Wilhelm Heitmeyer
Professor Dr. Andreas Zick
Universitätsstraße 25
D-33615 Bielefeld
Phone 0049-(0)521-106-3163
Fax 0049-(0)521-106-3164